Biology Course Descriptions

100 Level Courses
BIOL 110: Fundamentals of Cell Biology. 4 hours.

Prerequisite: Day- Declared major or minor in Health Science; declared minor in Exercise Physiology; declared major in Middle School Science Education; or declared major in Clinical & Behavioral Neuroscience. CCPS-BIOL 102.
An introductory course focusing on major biological concepts relating to molecular and cellular biology and genetics. Lecture and laboratory. Intended for students majoring in science?related disciplines.

BIOL 160: Exploration and Discovery in Biology. 3 hours.

This course allows students majoring in a non-science field to learn about the processes of the biological sciences, including how science works, its limitations, and how science and society influence each other. Biological topics are variable but will be problem-based, communication intensive, and engage students with focused topics in science to show how science and society interact. This course does not apply to any major or minor in the natural sciences.

BIOL 163: Science of the Environment. 3 hours.

This course affords an opportunity to investigate environmental issues from a scientific perspective. Processes of the scientific method and information/data from the primary literature will be used to discuss modern environmental problems. Students will analyze modern environmental issues from this scientific perspective to discover relevant variable, trends in the data, and possible solutions to the issues.

BIOL 172: Molecular Biology. 3 hours.

Prerequisite or Co-Requisite: DAY-CHEM 115 or CHEM 208 or CHEM 238. CCPS-BIOL 102.
This course examines the structure and function of nucleic acids and proteins. The molecular mechanisms of replication, transcription, mRNA processing and translation will be emphasized. In addition, regulation of these processes will be explored. Lecture and laboratory. Intended for students majoring in biology or related disciplines.

BIOL 181: Genetics. 3 hours.

Prerequisite: Day-BIOL 172. CCPS-Co-requisite: BIOL 181-L. This course will apply the knowledge acquired in BIOL 172 to the inheritance patterns of genetic traits between individuals and within populations. Lecture and laboratory.

BIOL 182: Evolution. 2 hours.

Prerequisite or Co-requisite: DAY- BIOL 181. CCPS-BIOL 172. An introduction to the principles of evolutionary biology, including the history, processes and patterns of evolution as well as systematic biology.

200 Level Courses
BIOL 200: Ecology. 3 hours.

Prerequisite or Co-requisite: BIOL 182.
An introduction to ecological principles, emphasizing processes and patterns within the six sub disciplines of ecology. The laboratory will integrate common field methods with experimental design and data analysis. Lecture and laboratory.

BIOL 201: Biodiversity. 3 hours.

Prerequisite: DAY-BIOL 200. CCPS-BIOL 172.
An introduction to the trends and patterns of biological diversity and our understanding of the biosphere. The class will focus on the evolution of genomes and systems using several model organisms. The generation and loss of biodiversity will be examined. Lecture and laboratory.

BIOL 205: Human Anatomy. 4 hours.

An introduction to the gross and microscopic anatomy of the human body. Mammalian examples of major systems are studied in the laboratory. Lecture and laboratory.

BIOL 206: Human Physiology. 4 hours.

This course examines the organization and function of the human body as a whole and the interrelations of its various systems, organs, tissues, and cells. Lecture and laboratory.

BIOL 208: Microbiology. 4 hours.

Prerequisite: DAY-BIOL 110 or BIOL 172. CCPS-CHEM 103 and CHEM 107. A study of bacterial diversity, physiology, biochemistry and genetics as they relate to the environment and to human welfare. Fungi and viruses also are discussed. Laboratory methods for the identification of bacteria are introduced. Lecture and laboratory.

BIOL 225: Biostatistics. 3 hours.

Prerequisite: BIOL 172. An introduction to biostatistical concepts and methods commonly encountered in biology. The course will cover basic descriptive statistics as well as experimental design and techniques for testing hypotheses (e.g., analysis of variance/covariance, regression analysis, and nonparametric statistics). Three lecture or laboratory hours.

BIOL 240: Basic Clinical Medicine: An Introduction to Patient Care. 3 hours.

This course is designed to provide premedical students an early opportunity to explore the fields of medicine. Includes patient evaluation, common diseases, and patient care.

BIOL 250: Foundations of Medical Terminology. 3 hours.

This course examines the various aspects of medical terminology including word origins, definitions, spelling and pronunciation.

BIOL 271: Pathogens, Plagues, and Human Progress?. 3 hours.

In this course, students will examine the arc of human health and illness from ancient times when pathogens ruled, and plagues ensued, to our contemporary world in which illness can be the result of exposure to environmental toxins, lifestyle choices, and the disequilibrium associated with a totally wired modern life.

BIOL 290, 390, 490: Selected Topics. 1-3 hours.

Selected Topics are courses of an experimental nature that provide students a wide variety of study opportunities and experiences. Selected Topics offer both the department and the students the opportunity to explore areas of special interest in a structured classroom setting. Selected Topics courses (course numbers 290, 390, 490) will have variable titles and vary in credit from 1-3 semester hours. Selected Topic courses may not be taken as a Directed Study offering.

BIOL 291, 391, 491: Research. Variable hours.

Many academic departments offer special research or investigative projects beyond the regular catalog offering. Significant responsibility lies with the student to work independently to develop a proposal for study that must be approved by a faculty mentor and the appropriate department chair. The faculty member will provide counsel through the study and will evaluate the student’s performance. Sophomores, juniors and seniors are eligible. Students must register for research (291, 292, 391, 392, 491 or 492) to receive credit and are required to fill out a Permission to Register for Special Coursework form. It is recommended that students complete not more than 12 hours of research to apply toward the baccalaureate degree.

300 Level Courses
BIOL 301: Advanced Evolutionary Biology. 3 hours.

Prerequisite: BIOL 182. A study of organic evolution, its processes at a variety of scales, and its relationship to society. Primary topics include the history of evolutionary thought, population genetics, mechanisms of speciation, phylogeny and evolution of development.

BIOL 302: Human Nutrition. 3 hours.

Prerequisite: DAY-BIOL 110 or BIOL 172. CCPS-CHEM 107. A study of food as it functions to meet body needs with emphasis on utilization, food sources, selection of adequate diets, individual, community, and world health problems and diet therapy.

BIOL 303: Kinesiology. 3 hours.

Prerequisite: BIOL 205.  A study of the human machine and its processes of motor functioning.

BIOL 306: Medical Botany. 3 hours.

Prerequisite: BIOL 200Survey of plants which have medicinal value. Emphasis on the importance of botanical products in modern medicine.

BIOL 307: Botany. 4 hours.

Prerequisite: Day-BIOL 200. CCPS-BIOL 201. Introduction to the photosynthetic way of life in algae and plants. This course will consider plant structural and functional adaptations related to water retention and distribution, gas exchange, light absorption and energy conversion, anti-gravitational support, reproduction and dispersal; followed by a comparative study of the main plant groups from algae to flowering plants, emphasizing structural diversity and evolutionary trends. The laboratory exercises will present an introduction to plant (and algae) cells, tissues and organs through comparative anatomy and morphology analyses.

BIOL 308: Immunology. 3 hours.

Prerequisites: DAY-BIOL 181 and CHEM 238. CCPS-BIOL 102, BIOL 172, and CHEM 107.
A study of the immune response and its relationship to the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of disease. Topics include immune systems, immunopathology and antibodies.

BIOL 309: General Zoology. 4 hours.

Prerequisite: DAY-BIOL 200. CCPS-BIOL 201.
A survey of major animal phyla including protozoans with an emphasis on comparative structure and function, taxonomy, fundamental life processes and ecological interactions. Lecture and laboratory.

BIOL 310: Field and Systematic Botany. 4 hours.

Prerequisite: DAY-BIOL 200. CCPS-BIOL 201.
A taxonomical survey of flowering plants. This course will discuss history, theories and methods of classification, identification, nomenclature and description of plants, followed by taxonomical characteristics of the main plant families. Laboratory exercises and field trips will focus on the use of taxonomic keys, construction of floral diagrams and formulas, identification and recognition of local flora, preparation of field data records and herbarium specimens.

BIOL 312: Advanced Ecology. 4 hours.

Prerequisite: DAY-BIOL 200. CCPS-BIOL 201. A study of ecological principles, focusing on a modern understanding of ecological systems, patterns and processes. The laboratory will include common field techniques and emphasize experimental design and data analysis.

BIOL 313: Advanced Microbiology. 4 hours.

Prerequisites: Day-BIOL 181 and CHEM 238. CCPS BIOL 181 and CHEM 107.
This course will examine the unique physiology of the Archaea and Procaryotae and their roles in ecology and human disease. Techniques for identification of these organisms also will be studied. Lecture and laboratory.

BIOL 316: Comparative Anatomy. 5 hours.

Prerequisite: BIOL 182. A critical study of the structural/functional relationships of organs and systems of the vertebrates. Taxonomy, evolutionary relationships and morphological adaptations of fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals will be emphasized. Lecture and laboratory.

BIOL 317: Vertebrate Embryology. 4 hours.

Prerequisite: BIOL 182. A comparative study of the biochemical and cellular mechanisms associated with the morphological development of vertebrates. Embryological development of the frog, chick and human will be emphasized. Lecture and laboratory.

BIOL 320: Vertebrate Physiology. 4 hours.

Prerequisites: BIOL 181 and CHEM 238.
General cellular physiology and the functioning of tissues and organ systems in the vertebrate classes, including human beings. Lecture and laboratory.

BIOL 321: Comprehensive Human Anatomy. 5 hours.

Prerequisites: BIOL 181 and CHEM 238. A comprehensive study of the structural/functional relationships of organs and organ systems of humans. Lecture and laboratory.

BIOL 322: Advanced Genetics. 4 hours.

Prerequisites: DAY-BIOL 181, CHEM 238, and Junior Status. CCPS-BIOL 201 and CHEM 107. A study of the molecular basis of gene expression and the mechanisms by which genetic material is inherited. Lecture and laboratory.

BIOL 323: Functional Neuroscience. 4 hours.

Prerequisite: BIOL 181 and BIOL 364. Explores the cellular and molecular biology of the nervous system in order to provide an in-depth analysis of such topics as sensation and perception, consciousness and sleep, learning and memory, neuroplasticity and neural regeneration.

BIOL 324: Cellular and Molecular Biology. 3 hours.

Prerequisite: BIOL 181. It is recommended that students have completed CHEM 336 and CHEM 315 in order to be successful in this course. Advanced molecular mechanisms of gene expression and control. Methods of genetic engineering and production of transgenic organisms. Lecture.

BIOL 325: Epidemiology. 3 hours.

Prerequisite: BIOL 181. A study of epidemiological theory and practice. The distribution of health related problems in a population and the application of this theory to control health problems will be examined. Areas included in this study will be measures of disease occurrences, causal effects and statistical analysis of these events.

BIOL 331: Motor Learning. 3 hours.

A study of the motor learning process as applied to motor acquisition. Including a review of the interrelationship of physical development and motor learning. Preparation of plan for motor skill development for all populations.

BIOL 333: Histology. 4 hours.

Prerequisite: BIOL 181. An in?depth look at the microscopic structure of the vertebrate body. Study of cells, tissues and organs will provide an understanding of the complex nature of the relationship between form and function in vertebrates. Lecture and laboratory.

BIOL 334: Developmental Biology. 3 hours.

Prerequisite: BIOL 181 and Junior Status. A study of the stages and mechanisms of embryonic development in animals. Both classic experimental embryology and the genetic and molecular regulation of invertebrate and vertebrate animal development will be covered. The course will provide a comparative investigation of both morphology and molecular mechanisms while highlighting the similarities and differences between nematodes, insects, and vertebrates.

BIOL 337: Introduction to Virology. 3 hours.

Prerequisite: DAY- BIOL 181. CCPS-BIOL 201. An introduction to how viruses replicate and cause disease. Survey of major groups of animal viruses is included. Course offered only in summer and online.

BIOL 342: Advanced Ecological Studies. 4 hours.

Prerequisite: BIOL 312. An advanced ecology course emphasizing the procedures of quantitative ecosystem analysis. Project work includes terrestrial and aquatic studies. Lecture, laboratory and field work.

BIOL 344: Toxicology. 3 hours.

Prerequisites: BIOL 200, CHEM 238 and CHEM 238-L. This course examines the basic concepts of the effects of toxins on human health, ways toxins are encountered and the consequences for individual and future generations. Methods of treatment also are discussed.

BIOL 350: Exercise Physiology. 3 hours.

Prerequisite: BIOL 110 or BIOL 172; BIOL 206. Physiological effects on the human organism under different intensities, durations and environments.

BIOL 351: Junior Seminar I. 1 hour.

Prerequisite: BIOL 181. This course provides biology majors with information on pre? and post?graduate opportunities, prepares them for graduate studies related to biology by developing a resume and statement of purpose, and gives them experience speaking publicly on biological topics using appropriate technology. S/U Grading.

BIOL 352: Junior Seminar II. 1 hour.

Prerequisite: BIOL 351. Using the scientific literature and in consultation with a faculty mentor, students will develop a proposal for an independent research project in the biological sciences and publicly present the proposal to their peers.

BIOL 364: Neuroanatomy. 4 hours.

Prerequisite: DAY-BIOL 172. CCPS-BIOL 102 and BIOL 172. An in?depth study of the biology of the nervous system emphasizing the relationship between neuroanatomy and neurophysiology. Lecture and laboratory.

BIOL 373: Herpetology. 4 hours.

Prerequisite: BIOL 200. An introduction to the biology, ecology and evolution of amphibians and non?avian reptiles. The morphology, taxonomy and biogeography of Missouri species within these groups will be emphasized in the laboratory with day, evening and possibly weekend field trips required.

BIOL 378: Advanced Human Physiology I. 5 hours.

Prerequisites: BIOL 181 and CHEM 315 or BIOL 181 and CHEM 312. The first section of this course deals with cell signaling mechanisms, such as c?AMP and G?proteins, as well as receptor functions. The section deals with electrophysiology and the function of the nervous muscular system, and the general physiology of the cardiovascular system. Subjects will be covered through reading from text and journal articles, lecture presentation and laboratory projects.

BIOL 379: Advanced Human Physiology II. 5 hours.

Prerequisite: BIOL 378. This course will allow students to acquire an in-depth understanding of the organ system functions of the human body, to include: respiratory system, digestive system, renal physiology, immune system, endocrine system, and reproductive systems. The material will be covered through readings from text and journal articles, lecture presentations, and laboratory projects.

BIOL 382: Pathophysiology. 3 hours.

Prerequisites: DAY-BIOL 110 or BIOL 172 and BIOL 206 or BIOL 378. CCPS-BIOL 205 and BIOL 206 or BIOL 207 and CHEM 107. Human physiological responses to disease, stress and the environment are studied. Pathophysiological processes are analyzed in view of current research.

BIOL 397, 497: Internship. Variable hours.

Interns must have at least 60 credit hours, completed appropriate coursework and have a minimum GPA of 2.5 prior to registering for academic credit. Also, approval must be obtained from the student's faculty sponsor and required forms must be completed by the deadline. Note: *Architecture, Music Therapy and Education majors do not register internships through Career Planning & Development. These students need to speak with his/her advisor regarding credit requirements and options. S/U grading.

400 Level Courses
BIOL 483: Senior Seminar I: Practicum. 3 hours.

Prerequisite: BIOL 200. Students complete an off?campus work experience in a professional field of interest and write a literature review on a biological topic related to the profession in consultation with a faculty mentor. A minimum of 135 hours must be completed during the off-campus experience.

BIOL 484: Senior Seminar I: Research. 3 hours.

Prerequisite: BIOL 200. Students complete an original field, laboratory, database, or literature research project in consultation with a faculty mentor.

BIOL 494: Senior Seminar II. 1 hour.

Prerequisite: BIOL 483 or 484. Students present the results of their Senior Seminar I project to faculty and peers in a public forum.